Electronic Muscle Stimulation (EMS) is an innovative product that helps to make sport training more efficient resulting in a true competitive advantage.
The main idea of EMS is that the impulses are generated by a device and delivered through electrodes on the skin in direct proximity to the muscles to be stimulated. These impulses mimic the action potential coming from the central nervous system; this cause muscles to contract. Programming these impulses allows the people to target their workout for power, endurance or resistance. The electrodes are generally pads that adhere to the skin. The EMS provides powerful contractions without pain. EMS devices are regulated by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Only FDA-certified devices can be lawfully sold in the US without medical prescription.
EMS is both a form of electrotherapy and of muscle training. It is widely used by individuals interested in building muscles, toning and shaping to improve general physical fitness condition.
Due to various characteristics of skeletal muscle fibers, different types of fiber can be activated to differing degrees by different types of EMS, and the modifications induced depend on the pattern of EMS activity.
EMS is used in medicine for rehabilitation purposes, for instance in the prevention of disuse muscle atrophy which can occur for example after damage to bones, joints, muscles, ligaments and tendons.
EMS causes a calorie burning that is marginal at best. Calories are burnt in significant amount only when most of the body is involved in physical exercise: several muscles, the heart and the respiratory system are all engaged.
Many coaches regularly use professional EMS devices as integral part of the training of their athletes; non-professional devices target home-market consumers with wearable units in which EMS circuitry is contained in belt-like garments or other clothing items.